India from a historical perspective
Our Prime Minister and President hoist the National Flag every year on Independence Day, the 15th of August and on Republic day the January 26th every year respectively. People wave our National Flag enthusiastically on these days and also when our sportspersons win any major international tournament such as Cricket World Cup or Olympics medal. How many of us know Pingali Venkayya as the person who designed our National Flag and that he was a prolific writer and a great patriot.
Pingali Venkayya was born on 2nd August 1876 in Bhatlapenumuru near Machilipatnam in Andhra Pradesh. His parents are Hanumantharayadu and Venkataratnamma. He went to Colombo in Ceylon for studying Senior Cambridge after passing high school. He worked as Railway Guard and later in a Government Office as clerk in Bellary. He was not content with the job. He decided to study further. He joined Anglo- Vedic College in Lahore and learnt Urdu and Japanese.
Venkayya was an accomplished person in many fields. He had an immense knowledge in geology. He obtained Ph.d in geology in his later years. He was an authority in Agriculture. He utilized his knowledge and spent most of his fortune in experimenting with new crops in Andhra More >
Veera Mangai Velunachiyar was one of the queens in the 18th century in South India. She rebelled against the British Empire and fought for the freedom of India. She was born in 1730 AD to the Mannar Sellamuthu Sethupathy and to Rani Sakandhimuthal of Ramnad Kingdom. She was the only daughter of this Royal family. The Royal couple had no male heir. The royal family brought up the Princess, Velunachiyar, like Prince of Ramnad due to this reason. She was trained in the skills of using weapons and also in martial arts like Valari, stick fighting etc. She learnt horse riding and archery earlier. The Royal couple had engaged teachers to teach her many languages like French, English and Urdu. Thus this young brave Princess had excellent training in all war techniques. She was a scholar in many languages and was ready to rule the Ramnad Kingdom . She married Sivagangai Mannar Muthuvaduganathar at the age of sixteen. In the year 1772 , the English invaded her kingdom . Velu Nachiyar heard that her husband Raja Muthu Vaduganathar and her daughter young Princess Gowri Nachiyar were killed in Kalaiyar Koil war. This war was held in Kalaiyar Koil palace. British More >
The Salt March to the remote sea side village of Dandi, about 320 km from Ahmedabad, and the civil disobedience campaign it launched was the greatest non violent battle by the history’s greatest non violent campaigner Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma himself saw this as the quintessence of his philosophy in action.
The Salt March is about a battle by an astute political campaigner to free his Country from the yoke of British colonialism. Here we have the skinny, scantily dressed 61- year-old Mahatma armed with nothing but a bamboo staff marching to the sea with a handful of followers, mostly young, in an attempt to liberate India.
The Salt March can be clearly visualized as Gandhi and his followers leaving his ashram on the banks of the Sabarmati river on the outskirts of Ahmedabad on March 12, 1930 and breaking the British salt laws about three weeks later at the seaside hamlet of Dandi. This launched a mass struggle that filled the prisons and shook the foundations of the British Empire.
But the Salt March was more than a mass political action. Gandhi saw the march as a pilgrimage, as a living sermon. It was not merely about throwing out the mighty British Empire More >